All you need to know about grape farming in India
India is among the leading 10 countries in the world in the production of grapes. Mostly used in India as a table fresh fruit, grapes are also used for making wines and raisins.
Did you know? There are more than 25 varieties of grapes!
Table purpose varieties
- Seeded – Cardinal, concord Emperor, Italia, Anab-e-Shahi, Cheema Sahebi, Kali sahebi, Rao Sahebi.
- Seedless – Thompson seedless, flame seedless, Kishmish Chorni, Perlette, Arkavati.
Raisin purpose varieties
- Thompson seedless, Manik Chaman, Sonaka, Black Corinth, Black Monukka, Arkavati, Dattier.
- Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Bangalore Blue, Muscat, Blanc, Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc, White Riesling, and Merlot.
To get the best grapes yield, the following factors should be taken care of –
Soil: The ideal soil for grapes should be fertile with 6.5-8.5 pH, should not be alkaline and have medium water holding capacity.
Climate: In India grapes are grown in sub-tropical, hot tropical and mild tropical climatic regions.
Season: Usually, planting is done from October to January. In regions where the monsoon is late, planting is also done during June-July.
Spacing: Spacing for planting depends on soil type, variety and method of training. The distance between two rows may be 2 – 3 m while distance between vines within a row will be half of that, accommodating vines from 2000 to 5000 per hectare.
Nutrients: Grapes need Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Sulphur, Iron, Manganese, Zinc, Copper and Boron. It is recommended to test your soil for deficient nutrients and provide fertilisers accordingly.
Irrigation system: Drip irrigation is highly recommended as it efficiently meets the water requirement of the crop.
Weeds and disease management: It is necessary to use weedicides and pesticides to keep your crop away from weeds and diseases.
How can Mahadhan help you in getting the best yield?
Mahadhan is one of the most trusted fertiliser brands in India and has a variety of products that offer the right nutrition for your crop. You can browse through our products here – https://mahadhan.co.in/product-portfolio/
In addition, you can also watch our videos and get some valuable tips on farming. To watch videos, click here – https://mahadhan.co.in/knowledge-centre/multimedia/